The story of Husqvarna Vapenfabrik AB goes a long way back in history and starts not in the little swedish town of Huskvarna, but the much older and larger town of Jönköping, located in the southern end of the lake Vätteren, one of the three great lakes in the middel of southern Sweden. Jönköping was already at that time a political and military center of Jönköpings Län, while what today is known as Huskvarna was merely two farms known as Husqvarna Norrgård and Husqvarna Södergård - two countryside farms.

Jönköping as the seat of the Landshövding had facilities for gun production in relation to the garrison. The gunproduction in Jönköping was at that time very much based on handworkers crafting the arms in a very traditional way. One can easy imagine that the price and efficiency of a factory organized around some few craftsmen producing muskets by hand, and that there were many problems to be overwon if one wanted to increase the production.

And increase the production soon became a goal. Sweden at this time was one of Europe's superpowers, was one of the major participators in the 30 years war, and had a need of steady supply of good military arms. It is more than a possibility that pressure was on Jönköping Gevärfaktori almost from the beginning to increase production.

As always, warfare is a key factor driving technological development. To enable faster and better production of arms, one developed machinery for using utilizing water power in arms production. The source of power in the 17'th century was water power. The waterpower available in Jönköping was soon utilized, and no more waterfalls were available. It was at this time the real drawbacks of the location in Jönköping was realized - due to the lack of steady supply of waterpower, the factory was idle for long times each year.

Meanwhile, in the 1640s the Crown through his Swedish Council had established a powdermill in the vicinity of Jönköping, in the waterfalls of a river today known as Huskvarnaån. The powdermill did not utilize the full capacity of the water power available, but and Crown's main intrest in Huskvarna in the years until the 1680's was with a powdermill in mind - not gun production. The powdermill was running many years after gun production was established there, and production was even increased as the demand of powder through these unpeaceful times was at a peak. The gunpowder business was not without risk though, and it can be mentioned that the powdermill had smaller and grater accidents in the years 1726, 1734, 1741, 1758, 1761, 1765, 1767, 1770, 1771, 1772 and 1775! It is estimated that around 20 workers lost their lives in these accidents. In 1792 there was a tremendous explotion in the powdermill which was at the time was a part of the Husqvarna Gevärfaktori. About 34.000 kg of blackpowder had exploded and the powdermill was totally destroyed. Damages are reported as far away as Jönköping (Whose center is about 6km away from the waterwalls of Huskvarnaån, but miracously, no lives were lost. The powdermill however, was never to be restored, the powderproduction in Huskvarna abandomed.

Before this event, in 1685, it was decided that the rights to the waterfalls not already on the Crowns hands, be overdrewn to the Crown. The original plan was to not to establish a gun factory, but to use the waterfalls for gunpowder production. However, the lack of waterpower in Jönköping soon forced the Crown to use the power available in Huskvarna for the powerdemanding parts of the gunproduction that originally had taken place in Jönköping instead of production of gun powder, and in 1689 there was established works for drilling gun barrels in Huskvarnaån.